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Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
Print version ISSN 2225-6253

Abstract

DEHGHANPOOR, M.H.; ZIVDAR, M.  and  TORABI, M.. Extraction of copper and gold from anode slime of Sarcheshmeh Copper Complex. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2016, vol.116, n.12, pp.1153-1157. ISSN 2411-9717.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2411-9717/2016/v116n12a9.

A hydrometallurgical route was developed to extract metals such as gold, silver, copper, and selenium from anode slime from Sarcheshmeh Copper Complex in Iran. For the extraction of copper by leaching, the anode slime was heated and stirred with 4 M sulphuric acid in the presence of oxygen. Optimal conditions for recovery of copper were temperature 80°C, mixing time 5 hours, and oxygen flow rate 2 L/min, resulting in a copper recovery of 94.47%. Silver and selenium were dissolved by leaching anode slime from which the copper had been removed with nitric acid. For gold extraction, anode slime was heated with aqua regia at 90°, and the gold then extracted with 2-ethyl-hexanol at a concentration of 0.5 M and phase ratio of 4. The extract was then stripped with soda solution at pH=10.5 and a phase ratio of 5. Finally, gold was recovered by precipitation with oxalic acid at a ratio of mass to volume 10 g/L. Total gold recovery was 80%.

Keywords : solvent extraction; leaching; copper; gold; anode slime; Sarcheshmeh Copper Complex.

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