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South African Journal of Communication Disorders

On-line version ISSN 2225-4765
Print version ISSN 0379-8046

Abstract

PILLAY, Thiani  and  PILLAY, Mershen. Contextualising clinical reasoning within the clinical swallow evaluation: A scoping review and expert consultation. S. Afr. J. Commun. Disord. [online]. 2021, vol.68, n.1, pp.1-12. ISSN 2225-4765.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v68i1.832.

BACKGROUND: This study explored the available literature on the phenomenon of clinical reasoning and described its influence on the clinical swallow evaluation. By exploring the relationship between clinical reasoning and the clinical swallow evaluation, it is possible to modernise the approach to dysphagia assessmentOBJECTIVES: This study aimed to contextualise the available literature on clinical reasoning and the CSE to low-middle income contexts through the use of a scoping review and expert consultationMETHOD: A scoping review was performed based on the PRISMA-ScR framework. The data was analysed using thematic analysis. Articles were considered if they discussed the clinical swallow evaluation and clinical reasoning, and were published in the last 49 yearsRESULTS: Through rigorous electronic and manual searching, 12 articles were identified. This review made an argument for the value of clinical reasoning within the clinical swallow evaluation. The results of the study revealed three core themes related to the acquisition, variability and positive impact of clinical reasoning in the clinical swallow evaluationCONCLUSION: The results of this review showed that the clinical swallow evaluation is a complex process with significant levels of variability usually linked to the impact of context. This demonstrates that in order to deliver effective and relevant services, despite challenging conditions, healthcare practitioners must depend on clinical reasoning to make appropriate modifications to the assessment process that considers these salient factors

Keywords : clinical reasoning; dysphagia; clinical swallow evaluation; speech-language pathology; contextualisation.

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