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On-line version ISSN 2223-6279
Print version ISSN 0379-8577


IDEMUDIA, Erhabor S.; OLASUPO, Matthew O.  and  MODIBO, Mantwa W.. Stigma and chronic illness: A comparative study of people living with HIV and/or AIDS and people living with hypertension in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Curationis [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.1, pp.1-5. ISSN 2223-6279.

BACKGROUND: Stigma among people with chronic illnesses exists, preventing many sufferers from presenting for treatment especially in South Africa OBJECTIVES: This study compared stigma experiences of people living with human immunodeficiency virus and/or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV and/or AIDS) (PLWHA) and people living with hypertension (PLWHPT) in Limpopo Province of South Africa. METHOD: Using a cross-sectional design, 600 participants (300 PLWHA with mean age of 31 years, standard deviation of 8.2; and 300 PLWHPT with age of 55 years, standard deviation of 8.1) were purposefully sampled at HIV and/or AIDS and hypertension outpatient clinics. The perceived stigma of AIDS scale was used to assess stigma in the HIV and/or AIDS sample while the adapted version was used to assess stigma in PLWHPT. Data were analysed using independent t-test. RESULTS: Results indicated that PLWHA experienced significantly higher enacted stigma (t(598) = −11.79, p < 0.001) as compared to PLWHPT. However, PLWHPT experienced significantly higher internalised stigma (t(598) = 37.56, p < 0.001) and perceived stigma (t(598) = 41.71, p < 0.001) than PLWHA. CONCLUSION: Stigma among people with chronic illnesses is existent. The stigma type is, however, dependent on the nature of the illness. Stigma reduction interventions among these populations are indicated.

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