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South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences

versão On-line ISSN 2222-3436
versão impressa ISSN 1015-8812

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DU PLESSIS, Engelina; SAAYMAN, Melville  e  VAN DER MERWE, Annari. Explore changes in the aspects fundamental to the competitiveness of South Africa as a preferred tourist destination. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.1, pp.1-11. ISSN 2222-3436.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v20i1.1519.

BACKGROUND: Tourism is an evolving and changing industry, and keeping up with these changes requires an understanding of the forces and changes that shape this industry's outcomes. Tourism managers struggle daily to stay ahead in the competition to attract more tourists to destinations. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the past could shed light on the advantages of the future AIM: The aim of this study was to do a temporal analysis of the competitiveness of South Africa as a tourism destination SETTING: This research investigated the competitive position of South Africa as a tourism destination just after the 1994 elections and compared those results to the results of a similar study in 2014 METHODS: In this article, a frequency analysis revealed South Africa's strengths and weaknesses, after which t-tests indicated the relationship between the strengths and weaknesses of the destination and the factors that contribute to South Africa's competitiveness RESULTS: South Africa's strengths include the quality of the food and experience, scenery, variety of accommodation climate and geographical features. It is clear that respondents identified different attributes that contributed to the strengths of the destination in comparison with 2002, where the strengths were wildlife, scenery, cultural diversity, climate, value for money, variety of attractions and specific icons CONCLUSION: This research is valuable for South Africa because it informs tourism role players about what respondents perceive to be South Africa's strengths. Role players can then form strategies that incorporate the strengths to create competitive advantage. This article also indicates the areas in which the country has grown in the past decade as well as indicating which weaknesses remain a problem

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