South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
On-line version ISSN 1015-8812
OZER, Gökhan; ERGUN, Ercan and YILMAZ, Osman. Effects of intellectual capital on qualitative and quantitative performance: Evidence from Turkey. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.2, pp. 143-154. ISSN 1015-8812. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2222-3436/2015/v18n2a1.
Intellectual capital is among the new, advanced management notions developed to overcome the inadequacy of previous administrations, to adapt to new situations and forge ahead of the competition. Intellectual capital means the information, experience and skills that offer advantage in competition and reveal the values existing within the structure of an enterprise. These values also exist in the relationship between the enterprise and the environment and with the employees. Although some research studies on intellectual capital (IC) have been conducted, to date no research has been carried out on the effects of IC on qualitative and quantitative organizational performance. For this reason, IC and its effects on firm performance (both qualitative and quantitative) were evaluated in this study. Following the evaluation of the intellectual capital and its sub-elements, the differentiation of the sub-elements is made. Then the reliability and validity of these sub-factors are calculated. The intellectual capital model has been tested by the structural equality model (SEM). According to research results, IC explains 92 per cent of a firm's performance. The effect of IC on qualitative performance is 0,84, while on quantitative performance it is 0,72. RC impresses qualitative performance with coefficient 0,94, quantitative performance with coefficient 0,60; HC impresses qualitative performance with coefficient 0,92, quantitative performance with coefficient 0,54 less; SC impresses qualitative performance with coefficient 0,90, quantitative performance with coefficient 0,53. According to the results of the research, IC affects both the qualitative and the quantitative performance of firms by supplying extensive knowledge to the managers.
Keywords : intellectual capital (IC); relational capital (RC); structural capital (SC); human capital (HC); quantitative performance; qualitative performance.