South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
On-line version ISSN 1015-8812
ROTHMANN, Sebastiaan and BAUMANN, Candice. Employee engagement: The effects of work-home/home-work interaction and psychological conditions. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.4, pp. 515-530. ISSN 1015-8812.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between work-home/home-work interaction, psychological conditions and employee engagement. A cross-sectional survey was used. The participants were 292 employees of a uranium mine in Namibia residing in towns distant from their workplace. The following measuring instruments were used: Survey Work-Home Interaction - Nijmegen, Psychological Conditions Scale and Work Engagement Scale. Positive work-home interaction and negative home-work interaction had direct positive and negative effects on psychological meaningfulness and psychological availability respectively. Psychological meaningfulness, psychological availability, positive work-home interaction and positive home-work interaction had direct effects on employee engagement. An analysis of the indirect effects showed that positive work-home interaction affected employee engagement via experiences of psychological meaningfulness and psychological availability. Negative home-work interaction affected employee engagement negatively via low psychological meaningfulness and low psychological availability. Implementing policies to promote meaningfulness and availability at work, to build positive work-home interaction and to protect employees against negative home-work interference, will contribute to personal engagement at work.
Keywords : work-home interaction; home-work interaction; psychological meaningfulness; psychological availability; employee engagement.