South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
On-line version ISSN 2222-3436
Print version ISSN 1015-8812
VAN KESSEL, Frien G.A.; OERLEMANS, Leon A.G. and VAN STROE-BIEZEN, Saskia A.M.. No creative person is an island: organisational culture, academic project-based creativity, and the mediating role of intraorganisational social ties. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.1, pp.46-69. ISSN 2222-3436.
This paper examines the relationship between perceptions of organisational culture, academics' social embeddedness and their creative paper project output. It argues that the extent to which researchers working on paper projects are socially embedded through social ties with colleagues inside and outside their academic department (but within the same university) is a causal step linking organisational values and norms to creative outputs. This study does not, however, find support for the proposed mediating effects. Instead, results indicate that three organisational culture dimensions - i.e. performance orientation, environmental orientation and innovation support - affect employees' creative project output through their social embeddedness outside the department (but within their own university). As the organisational culture and social embeddedness of employees outside the department are both contextual factors that matter (either indirectly or directly) for the generation of creative project outputs by researchers, this study concludes that "no creative person and no project is an island".
Keywords : organizational culture; social embeddedness; creative output.