South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
On-line version ISSN 2222-3436
Print version ISSN 1015-8812
MAYOR, Mónica García-Ochoa; DE LA HERA, María Luisa Blázquez and RUIZ, Enrique de Diego. Empirical study of national technological innovation capability in Africa. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp.440-463. ISSN 2222-3436.
This paper performs an analysis of the technological innovation capability in 30 African countries. Based on the literature about national innovation capability and economy of technological change, an empirical study has been performed by using clusters' analysis technique and the technological innovation indicators published in the Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011 (WEF, 2010). The purpose is to explore the existence of groups of countries characterised by different technological innovation levels, deepening in their characteristics and the distance that separates them. The results show the existence of four groups of countries defined by different technological innovation capabilities in three factors, which are the Governmental and business technological effort, the Technological infrastructure and human capital (Available Base) and the Protection of intellectual property and innovation results.
Keywords : technological innovation capability; cluster analysis; technological policy; technological infrastructures; innovation results; Africa.