South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
On-line version ISSN 2222-3436
KOHLER, Marcel and SAVILLE, Adrian. Measuring the impact of trade finance on country trade flows: a South African perspective. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. (Online) [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.4, pp. 466-478. ISSN 2222-3436.
Trade finance (or short-term credit) plays a crucial role in facilitating international trade yet is particularly vulnerable to financial crises as banks increase the pricing on all trade finance transactions to cover increased funding costs and higher credit risks. Whereas South Africa's financial institutions largely managed to strengthen their capital positions during the global financial crisis, the country's trade flows and access to capital (in particular trade finance and its costs) were hard hit by the crisis. Little is known about the extent of shortages or 'gaps' in trade finance and the impact of this on South Africa's recent trade performance. Whilst our research recognises that access to trade finance is not the main cause of South Africa's trade contraction, our research suggests that all else equal, a one percentage point increase in the interbank lending rate of our trade partner could reduce exports by approximately ten per cent.
Keywords : exports; trade finance; crisis.