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South African Journal of Psychiatry

On-line version ISSN 2078-6786
Print version ISSN 1608-9685

Abstract

RAMANO, Enos M.; DE BEER, Marianne  and  ROOS, Johannes L.. The perceptions of adult psychiatric inpatients with major depressive disorder towards occupational therapy activity-based groups. S. Afr. j. psyc. [online]. 2021, vol.27, n.1, pp.1-8. ISSN 2078-6786.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v27i0.1612.

BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists have been using group therapy as their preferred treatment modality in mental healthcare since the origin of the profession. In private mental healthcare units, major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric disease. Occupational therapists use individual and group therapy to treat adult inpatients with MDD. Little is known about the perceptions and experiences of adult inpatients with MDD regarding occupational therapy activity-based groups. AIM: To describe the perceptions and experiences of adult psychiatric inpatients with MDD towards occupational therapy activity-based groups. This article reports on the perceptions of adult psychiatric inpatients with MDD, which formed part of a larger study SETTING: The study took place at two private general hospitals in Gauteng province, South Africa, each with a psychiatric ward. METHODS: The researcher used a qualitative explorative descriptive design. Accessible participants were selected using convenience sampling. Only consenting participants took part in the study. Data were collected during focus group discussions. Data were thematically analysed. RESULTS: Participants' perceptions could be placed into one of four themes: (1) experience improved mood, (2) learned coping skills, (3) regained self-esteem and (4) becoming part of the solution to face life challenges CONCLUSION: Activities that are unique to occupational therapy profession can benefit inpatients with MDD. This supports the profession's historical beliefs, assumptions and foundations regarding therapeutic use of activities. According to these inpatients, group activities improved their overall mental health.

Keywords : major depressive disorder; occupational therapy; activity-based groups; adult psychiatric inpatients; perceptions; occupational therapy groups.

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