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Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine

versão On-line ISSN 2078-6751
versão impressa ISSN 1608-9693

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MILLER, Cari L. et al. The Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Study: A profile of adolescents in Soweto, South Africa. South. Afr. j. HIV med. (Online) [online]. 2017, vol.18, n.1, pp.1-10. ISSN 2078-6751.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v18i1.731.

BACKGROUND: Youth between the ages of 15 years to 24 years account for almost half of new HIV infections in South Africa OBJECTIVES: To describe the study details of the Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Study (BBAHS) which was an investigation of HIV risk among adolescents living in Soweto, South Africa METHODS: Eligibility criteria for the BBAHS included being 14 years - 19 years old and living in one of the 41 identified formal and informal areas in the township of Soweto. A cross-sectional survey was developed between investigators and an adolescent community advisory board consisting of previously validated scales and original questions including demographics, sexual and reproductive health, health service utilisation and psychosocial behaviours RESULTS: Between 2010 and 2012, interviewers administered surveys among 830 adolescents (57% females), whose median age was 17 years (Q1, Q3: 16, 18), and found that 43% of participants identified their ethnicity as Zulu, 52% reported high food insecurity, 37% reported at least one parent had died, 15% reported living in a shack and 83% identified as heterosexual. Over half of the participants (55%) reported ever having sex (49% of females and 64% of males), 11% of whom initiated sex at < 15 years of age (3% females and 21% males). Almost half (47%) reported ever testing for HIV, 3% (n = 12) of whom self-reported being HIV-positive and 33% (n = 4) were on antiretroviral therapy CONCLUSION: Our study highlights important individual, relational and structural level determinants of HIV risk for adolescent men and women growing up within HIV hyperendemic settings

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