Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine
On-line version ISSN 2078-6751
Print version ISSN 1608-9693
MEINTJES, G et al. Adult antiretroviral therapy guidelines 2014. South. Afr. j. HIV med. (Online) [online]. 2014, vol.15, n.4, pp.121-143. ISSN 2078-6751. http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/sajhivmed.1130.
These guidelines are intended as an update to those published in the Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine in 2012. Since the release of the previous guidelines, the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in southern Africa has continued. Cohort studies from the region show excellent clinical outcomes; however, ART is still being initiated late (in advanced disease) in some patients, resulting in relatively high early mortality rates. New data on antiretroviral drugs have become available. Although currently few, there are patients in the region who are failing protease-inhibitor-based second-line regimens. To address this, guidelines on third-line therapy have been expanded.