Health SA Gesondheid (Online)
On-line version ISSN 2071-9736
Print version ISSN 1025-9848
PRETORIUS, Chrisma; WALKER, Stephen P. and ESTERHUYSE, Karel G.F.. Coping responses as predictors of satisfaction with life amongst a group of patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Health SA Gesondheid (Online) [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.1, pp.1-5. ISSN 2071-9736.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which coping responses could predict the level of life satisfaction experienced by patients suffering from diabetes mellitus. A non-experimental, cross-sectional design was adopted. The sample consisted of 154 individuals (62 Type I diabetics, 80 Type II diabetics, and 12 individuals for whom diagnostic information was not available) recruited from the outpatient diabetes clinic at a large state hospital. All participants completed the Coping Responses Inventory - Adult Version, as well as the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Initially, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were calculated to examine the relationship between the predictor variables (coping responses) and the criterion variable (satisfaction with life). Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to determine the amount of variance in the satisfaction with life scores that was explained by coping responses. The combination of approach and avoidance coping subscales accounted for 33% of the variance in the participants' satisfaction with life scores. However, upon further analysis, the avoidance coping subscales were found to account for 28% of the variance in the sample's satisfaction with life. The cognitive avoidance subscale and the acceptance or resignation subscale were found to correlate negatively with satisfaction with life at the 1% level of significance. It appears that approach coping responses do not predict the satisfaction with life experienced by individuals suffering from diabetes. However, avoidant coping responses, particularly cognitive avoidance and acceptance or resignation, are predictive of lower levels of satisfaction with life.
Keywords : approach coping responses; avoidant coping responses; coping responses inventory; diabetes mellitus; satisfaction with life.