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African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine

On-line version ISSN 2071-2936
Print version ISSN 2071-2928


MOPENE, Jean Louis et al. Reform and Performance of the Provincial Health Inspectorate and the Provincial Division of Health of South Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Afr. j. prim. health care fam. med. (Online) [online]. 2020, vol.12, n.1, pp.1-9. ISSN 2071-2936.

BACKGROUND: The intermediate level incorporated both the Provincial Health Inspectorate (IPS) and the Provincial Health Division (DPS) of Health. The new constitution of 2006 gave impetus to decentralisation, which became effective in 2015. The reform introduced at the intermediate level clearly separated the IPS and the DPS. This article assesses the effect of this reform on the performance of IPS and DPS in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo METHODOLOGY: The study is evaluative before and after and covers the period from 2012 to 2017. It uses mixed methods: three techniques were used to collect data including observation, document review and individual interviews. The analysis of the quantitative data concerned the evolution of the indicators; that of qualitative data was carried out by themes from two theoretical models: the ministerial functional framework and the 'Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats' analysis framework (SWOT analysis). Scores were assigned to each managerial function according to their level of performance for better comparison RESULTS: After the reform, a decline in the performance score of activities devolved to IPS is noted, mainly due to the low funding of activities. On the other hand, in the DPS, the evolution of the score is favorable, because of the strong support given to the reform at this level by the partners and the government. The alignment of partners to a single contract for funding DPS activities is observed. The weak financing of the health sector by the government remains a weak point, however, and the brain drain a threat to institutional sustainability. The introduction of the single financing contract constitutes an opportunity to improve the performance of the provincial management team

Keywords : Reform; Decentralization; Health system; Performance; South Kivu; Democratic Republic of Congo.

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