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African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine

On-line version ISSN 2071-2936
Print version ISSN 2071-2928


TSIMA, Billy M.; RAJESWARAN, Lakshmi  and  COX, Megan. Assessment of cardiopulmonary resuscitation equipment in resuscitation trolleys in district hospitals in Botswana: A cross-sectional study. Afr. j. prim. health care fam. med. (Online) [online]. 2019, vol.11, n.1, pp.1-7. ISSN 2071-2936.

INTRODUCTION: Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) relies, in part, on the availability and the correct functioning of resuscitation equipment. These data are often lacking in resource-constrained African settingsAIM: To assess the availability and the functional status of CPR equipment in resuscitation trolleys at district hospitals in BotswanaSETTING: The study was conducted across four district hospitals in BotswanaMETHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a checklist adopted following the Emergency Medical Services of South Africa (EMSSA) guidelines, modified and contextualised to BotswanaRESULTS: All the four district hospitals had inadequate number of CPR equipment available in the resuscitation trolleys. The overall availability of drugs and equipment ranged from 19% to 31.1%. Availability of equipment needed for maintaining circulation and fluids ranged from 27% to 49%, while availability of items for airway and breathing ranged from 9.2% to 24.1%. The overall availability of essential drugs for resuscitation was only 20.4%, and in some wards expired drugs were kept in the trolley. Out of 40 wards that participated in the study, only 10 kept CPR algorithms in the resuscitation trolley. The resuscitation trolley was checked on a daily basis only in the critical care unitsCONCLUSION: The resuscitation trolleys were not maintained as per standards. Failure to improve the existing situation could negatively impact the outcome of CPR. Evidence-based standard checklists for resuscitation trolleys need to be enforced to improve the quality of CPR provision in district hospitals in Botswana

Keywords : cardiac arrest; resuscitation trolley; resuscitation; district hospitals; Botswana.

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