African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
versão On-line ISSN 2071-2928
NZAUMVILA, Doudou; GOVENDER, Indiran e KRAMER, Efraim B.. Glass injuries seen in the emergency department of a South African district hospital. Afr. j. prim. health care fam. med. (Online) [online]. 2015, vol.7, n.1, pp. 1-8. ISSN 2071-2928. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/PHCFM.V7I1.886.
BACKGROUND: The emergency department of Embhuleni Hospital frequently manages patients with glass-related injuries. This study assessed these injuries and the glass that caused them in more detail. AIM: The objectives of our study included determining the type of glass causing these injuries and describing the circumstances associated with different types of glass injuries. SETTING: The emergency department of Embhuleni Hospital in Elukwatini, Mpumalanga province, South Africa. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample size of 104 patients. Descriptive statistics were used to assess the characteristics of the glass injuries. RESULTS: Five different types of glass were reported to have caused the injuries, namely car glass (7.69%), glass ampoules (3.85%), glass bottles (82.69%), glass windows (3.85%) and street glass shards (1.92%). Glass bottle injuries were mainly caused by assaults (90.47%) and most victims were mostly young males (80.23%). The assaults occurred at alcohol-licensed premises in 65.11% of cases. These injuries occurred mostly over weekends (83.72%), between18:00 and 04:00. The face (34.23%) and the scalp (26.84%) were the sites that were injured most often. CONCLUSION: Assault is the most common cause of glass injuries, usually involving young men at alcohol-licensed premises. Glass injuries generally resulted in minor lacerations, with few complications (2.68%.