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SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

On-line version ISSN 2071-0763
Print version ISSN 0258-5200

Abstract

OOSTHUIZEN, Rudolf M.  and  MAYER, Claude-Hélène. At the edge of the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Employees' perceptions of employment equity from a CIBART perspective. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2019, vol.45, n.1, pp.1-11. ISSN 2071-0763.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v45i0.1695.

ORIENTATION: In accordance with global trends, South Africa is striving for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). Discourses of employees' employment equity (EE) perceptions within the 4IR context are studied 25 years after apartheidRESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to understand the systems psychodynamics underneath the surface of employees' perceptions of EE in South Africa within the context of the 4IRMOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: South African workplaces are debated nationally and urged to compete with 4IR changes on a global level. This research focuses on employees' perceptions of EE underneath the surface and aims at understanding employees' perceptions through the conflict, identity, boundaries, authority, roles, task (CIBART) model.RESEARCH APPROACH/DESIGN AND METHOD: Altogether 83 employees in 11 organisations in South Africa participated in qualitative interviews regarding their perceptions and experiences within their changing work contexts.MAIN FINDINGS: The findings indicate employees' perceptions of EE in terms of conflict, identity, boundary, authority, roles and tasks of the CIBART model. The discourses highlight EE, race and gender within contemporary South Africa, and show a lack of drive to engage with the discourses of the 4IR on a global levelPRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The findings show that employees and organisations in South Africa need to open up their internal discourses anchored in the country's past to become key players in the 4IR; apartheid categories need to be overcome to develop context-specific visions and original ideas on how to create 4IR workspaces in the future.CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: This article emphasises the gap between national discourses and global trends in employees' perceptions of EE and discusses transformational ideas from after apartheid to 4IR visions.

Keywords : Employment Equity (EE); workplace perceptions; below the workplace surface; CIBART model; Fourth Industrial Revolution.

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