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SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

On-line version ISSN 2071-0763
Print version ISSN 0258-5200

Abstract

COETZEE, Melinde; MARX, Anta A.  and  POTGIETER, Ingrid L.. Examining the construct validity of the positive coping behavioural inventory. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2017, vol.43, n.1, pp.1-8. ISSN 2071-0763.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v43i0.1433.

ORIENTATION: Positive coping strengths are important personal resources in helping employees deal constructively with the complex interaction between the individual and the environment. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The present study examined the usefulness and validity of the factor structure of the positive coping behavioural inventory (PCBI) with the view to further refine the scale and increase its usefulness and application value in the South African workplace. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Valid and reliable multidimensional measures of positive psychological constructs are considered important in understanding the array of personal resources that help employees cope constructively with work-life stressors in today's fast-paced and more turbulent work environment. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A cross-sectional survey design was utilised to collect primary data from a sample of (N = 525) male and female employees from white and black ethnicity origin in the services industry. The participants' self-evaluations of their positive coping behaviour were measured by means of the PCBI. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to examine the construct validity of the PCBI. MAIN FINDINGS: The convergent validity and internal consistency reliability of the PCBI as a measure of three higher-order dimensions of positive coping behaviour (inventive, engaging and intentional coping behaviours) were demonstrated in this study. PRACTICAL AND MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: Researchers may confidently use the three-factor solution of the PCBI to measure employees' self-evaluations of their capacity to demonstrate positive coping behaviour in the workplace. CONTRIBUTION AND VALUE-ADD: This study contributed to the emerging body of knowledge on the assessment of positive psychology constructs that contribute to employees' well-being and flourishing in the South African workplace. The results provide preliminary evidence of the usefulness of the PCBI as a valid and reliable multidimensional measure that integrates a wide array of positive psychology attributes in a single measure.

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