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SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

versão On-line ISSN 2071-0763
versão impressa ISSN 0258-5200


TRAVAGLIANTI, Fabrice; BABIC, Audrey  e  HANSEZ, Isabelle. The role of work-related needs in the relationship between job crafting, burnout and engagement. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2016, vol.42, n.1, pp.1-13. ISSN 2071-0763.

ORIENTATION: Knowing that it is imperative to better understand the antecedents and consequences of needs-supplies fit, the present research had two main objectives. Firstly we wanted to extend our knowledge about traditional psychological needs, for example highlighted through the Self-Determination Theory, by presenting more specific work-related needs. Secondly, following the new directions of organisational fit theories, we wanted to better understand how individuals make sense of fit. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to propose more specific work-related needs in terms of employment quality and to test job crafting as an antecedent of needs-supplies fit (NS fit). We tested the double mediating role of NS fit (i.e. : based on more specific work-related needs, and general: based on global job perceptions) between job crafting and individual outcomes namely burnout and work engagement. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: By taking into account more specific work-related needs, this study aimed to add more specific information to better help predict well-being at work. Moreover, the present research responds to the need to better understand how individuals make sense of fit. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH, AND METHOD: Data were collected in a Belgian Public Federal Service (N = 1500). Our research model was tested using Structural Equation Modelling with Mplus. MAIN FINDINGS: Results show, (1) that specific NS fit perception was positively related to a global NS fit perception and (2) the partial mediating role (specific and general) of NS fit between job crafting and burnout and work engagement. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: Managers should encourage crafting behaviours and should know their team and that team's specific needs. CONTRIBUTION/ADDED-VALUE: By taking into account more specific work-related needs, our study suggests that needs-supplies may have more than one dimension. Moreover, it shows that job crafting is a way to increase NS fit.

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