SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
On-line version ISSN 2071-0768
STANDER, Marius W. and ROTHMANN, Sebastiaan. Psychological empowerment of employees in selected organisations in South Africa. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.1, pp. 196-203. ISSN 2071-0768.
The objective of this study was to assess the construct validity and internal consistency of the Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire (PEQ) for employees in selected organisations in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design with a convenient sample (N = 1405) was used. The PEQ was administered. Structural equation modelling confirmed a four-factor model for the PEQ, consisting of competence, meaning, impact and self-determination. A cross-validation study confirmed the construct equivalence of the four-factor model for a study sample (n = 679) as well as a replication sample (n = 726) that was randomly selected for the total sample. The subscales showed acceptable internal consistencies.
Keywords : empowerment; Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire; construct validity; internal consistency; cross-sectional survey.