SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
On-line version ISSN 2071-0768
VAN DER COLFF, Jacoba J. and ROTHMANN, Sebastiaan. Occupational stress, sense of coherence, coping, burnout and work engagement of registered nurses in South Africa. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.1, pp. 1-10. ISSN 2071-0768.
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the occupational stress, sense of coherence, coping, burnout and work engagement of registered nurses in South Africa. A crosssectional survey design was used. The study population consisted of 818 registered nurses. The Nursing Stress Inventory, the Orientation to Life Questionnaire, the COPE, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale were administered. The results show that the experience of depletion of emotional resources and feelings of depersonalisation by registered nurses were associated with stress due to job demands and a lack of organisational support, focus on and ventilation of emotions as a coping strategy, and a weak sense of coherence. Work engagement was predicted by a strong sense of coherence and approachcoping strategies.
Keywords : distress; eustress; psychological strengths; well-being; wellness.