SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
On-line version ISSN 0258-5200
VAN AARDE, Adele and MOSTERT, Karina. Work-home interaction of working females: What is the role of job and home characteristics?. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2008, vol.34, n.3, pp. 1-10. ISSN 0258-5200.
The objective of this study was to examine job characteristics and home characteristics associated with negative and positive work-home interaction of employed South African females. A total of 500 females from six provinces in South Africa participated in the study. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyse the data. The results indicated that negative work-home interference (WHI) was best predicted by job demands (including pressure, overload and time demands) and a lack of job resources (including autonomy, supervisor support, instrumental support and role clarity). Three job resources predicted positive WHI, including autonomy, supervisor support and colleague support. Negative home-work interference (HWI) was best predicted by pressure and a lack of autonomy at home, while positive HWI was best predicted by the presence of home pressure, but with support at home.
Keywords : Job characteristics; home characteristics; negative work-home interaction; positive work-home interaction.