SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.9 issue4Audit of feeding practices in the neonatal wards at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic HospitalCongenital nephrotic syndrome: A diagnostic and management dilemma author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

South African Journal of Child Health

On-line version ISSN 1994-3032

Abstract

NANDI, M; SARKAR, S; MONDAI, R  and  DHIBAR, T. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: Some novel associations. S. Afr. j. child health [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.4, pp. 137-139. ISSN 1994-3032.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/sajch.2015.v9i4.934.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) (also called reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome) is a mostly transient and reversible neurological disorder clinically characterised by headache, seizures, blindness and altered consciousness associated with radiological abnormalities in the posterior white matter. Hypertension has been implicated as the most common association. We report four cases of PRES associated with non-hypertensive causes together with a review of the literature. Two cases occurred following cerebral anoxia due to accidental strangulation and near-drowning, respectively. The third patient, a child known to have E-β thalassaemia, presented with transient encephalopathy following blood transfusion but involving the anterior brain rather than the posterior part classically described in PRES. The fourth patient developed PRES while recovering from toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome. None of these four cases had hypertension at any point during their illness.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License