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vol.9 número3Effect of a nutrition education programme on nutritional status of children aged 3 - 5 years in Limpopo Province, South Africa índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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South African Journal of Child Health

versão On-line ISSN 1999-7671
versão impressa ISSN 1994-3032

Resumo

ADENIYI, O F  e  RENNER, J K. Food allergy: Two case reports and management challenges in a resource-limited setting. S. Afr. j. child health [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.3, pp.103-104. ISSN 1999-7671.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAJCH.8152.

BACKGROUND: Food allergy has been well described in white children, and cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) still remains the most common allergy in these children. Information on the same subject in developing countries is very limited, and management of this condition remains challenging. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on two cases of children with multiple food allergies. The first patient presented with chronic diarrhoea following the introduction and use of several infant formulas, while the second patient had more severe allergic reactions following ingestion of milk, egg and wheat. Elimination of identified triggers from the diet resulted in significant clinical recovery in both cases. CONCLUSION: Food allergy, especially CMPA, should be considered more frequently in infants and children from developing countries, especially when there is a significant reaction to the introduction of cow's milk. A high index of suspicion and appropriate laboratory support are also needed in the diagnosis and management of other food allergies in the African setting.

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