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South African Journal of Child Health

On-line version ISSN 1999-7671
Print version ISSN 1994-3032


RAUTENBACH, K  and  STONES, D K. Langerhans cell histiocytosis: A case presentation and literature review. S. Afr. j. child health [online]. 2013, vol.7, n.2, pp.65-67. ISSN 1999-7671.

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disease of unknown aetiology. It is characterised by extreme clinical heterogeneity that can bring it to the attention of a variety of healthcare workers. A high index of suspicion is key to early diagnosis. Once the diagnosis has been confirmed, all cases should be referred to a paediatric oncologist for risk stratification and further management. We present a case of a toddler with LCH with skeletal involvement, who primarily presented to an orthopaedic surgeon. Relevant knowledge about this condition is reviewed.

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