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African Human Rights Law Journal

On-line version ISSN 1996-2096
Print version ISSN 1609-073X

Abstract

OAMEN, Philip E  and  ERHAGBE, Eunice O. The impact of climate change on economic and social rights realisation in Nigeria: International cooperation and assistance to the rescue?. Afr. hum. rights law j. [online]. 2021, vol.21, n.2, pp.1080-1111. ISSN 1996-2096.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/1996-2096/2021/v21n2a43.

The role of international cooperation and assistance in the realisation of economic and social rights has not been given sufficient attention in existing literature. It is also quite concerning that, although the impact of climate change has dominated scholarly debates in recent times, most of the discussions focus on environmental and economic perspectives, with scanty reference to its specific impact on the realisation of economic and social rights. However, the fact is that climate change not only alters the environment, but also adversely affects the realisation of economic and social rights of people, especially the most vulnerable groups of society. This article appraises these adverse effects of climate change in Nigeria and argues for an international cooperation approach towards mitigation and adaptation mechanisms. Drawing on several United Nations human rights and climate change instruments, the article theorises 'contributory and legally obligatory grounds' to affix an international obligation to developed countries in favour of developing countries such as Nigeria, in the latter's efforts to address the socio-economic impact of climate change. However, it notes that international cooperation is complementary, not substitutive of the Nigerian government's obligation to realise economic and social rights with locally-available resources.

Keywords : climate change; economic and social rights; impact; international cooperation; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

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