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SAIEE Africa Research Journal

On-line version ISSN 1991-1696
Print version ISSN 0038-2221


PILLAY, N.  and  XU, H.. A study of single transmit antenna selection with modulation. SAIEE ARJ [online]. 2018, vol.109, n.4, pp.250-259. ISSN 1991-1696.

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems have attracted a vast amount of interest, due to improvements offered in capacity and diversity. However, several challenges still remain. Single transmit antenna selection with modulation (STASM) is an important closed-loop variant of MIMO, and addresses several of its challenges, while achieving full-diversity. On this note, the average symbol error probability (ASEP) of STASM with M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM) and M-ary phase shift keying (M-PSK) is formulated and validates the Monte Carlo simulation results. The formulated ASEP expressions are relatively easy to evaluate. Euclidean distance-based antenna selection for spatial modulation (EDAS-SM) is an innovative closed-loop MIMO scheme that provides many advantages. However, since STASM achieves a full-diversity compared to EDAS-SM, there exists a cross-over point after which its error performance is superior to the latter. For multiple receive antennas, the cross-over point only occurs in the moderate-to-high signal-to-noise ratio region, which may be difficult to achieve in practice. Hence, an adaptive transmit mode switching system based on STASM and EDAS-SM as transmission candidates is proposed. A selection criterion for the transmission candidate is based on minimizing the instantaneous symbol error probability in every transmission interval. By switching between STASM and EDAS-SM, the proposed scheme minimizes the ASEP.

Keywords : Adaptive multiple-input multiple-output; Euclidean distance-based antenna selection for spatial modulation; single transmit antenna selection with modulation.

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