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Water SA

On-line version ISSN 1816-7950
Print version ISSN 0378-4738


SI, Wei et al. A bivariable coupling model for river channel routing developed from the flow continuity equation and its application. Water SA [online]. 2019, vol.45, n.2, pp.199-208. ISSN 1816-7950.

In this study, a bivariable coupling model for river channel routing is presented. The proposed model is developed from the Priessmann 4-point implicit differential scheme with a weight coefficient of river flow continuity equation. It is based on the transformation of two different expression forms of river channel storage equation. Furthermore, we consider the impact of lateral inflow along the study river channel from another perspective. In this paper we deduct lateral inflow from the lower section instead of adding lateral inflow to the upper section. In order to be representative of geographical range, river channel characteristics, flood magnitude, hydraulic characteristics and time, the proposed model is tested in 38 river channels of 6 river systems in China by using observed data during flood season. The rationality of model structure and the validity of model simulation are examined comprehensively. Comparison between the proposed model and Muskingum model shows that the proposed model can improve the simulation accuracy. The results show that the simulation accuracy and stability of the bivariable coupling model is much better than that of the Muskingum model.

Keywords : bivariable coupling model; river flow routing; flow continuity equation; lateral inflow; Muskingum model.

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