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Water SA

On-line version ISSN 1816-7950
Print version ISSN 0378-4738


GERMISHUIZEN, C et al. Case study modelling for an ettringite treatment process. Water SA [online]. 2018, vol.44, n.1, pp.86-92. ISSN 1816-7950.

Several technologies have been developed to treat acid mine drainage (AMD) and attention is shifting towards the removal of sulphate. The formation of ettringite, a hydrous calcium aluminium sulphate mineral, is an option to treat AMD and can reduce the sulphate concentration to well below the discharge specifications. The process modelled in this study includes the formation of ettringite and the recovery of gibbsite through the decomposition of recycled ettringite. The modelling of this process was done using PHREEQC and the results presented in this paper are based on the outcome of different case studies that investigated how the process is affected by a change in parameters. These include, changing the feed water pH, altering the split fractions in the hydrocyclone for the gibbsite recovery and varying the pH for ettringite formation.

Keywords : acid mine drainage; ettringite; sulphate; PHREEQC.

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