On-line version ISSN 1816-7950
Print version ISSN 0378-4738
CONSOLI, Simona; CIRELLI, Giuseppe Luigi and JUANICO, Marcelo. A simplified method to calculate the percentage of fresh effluents (PFE) in non-steady state reactors. Water SA [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.4, pp.553-558. ISSN 1816-7950.
Storage reservoirs are a key element in wastewater treatment trains for agricultural reuse; however, there is a need for further research on design criteria and operation rules for such reactors. The percentage of fresh effluents (PFE) is an important parameter for the design of perfectly-mixed reactors. PFE correlates better than mean residence time with the performance of the reactor. It allows for estimation of the removal of pollutants in non steady-state systems, such as seasonal wastewater storage reservoirs, and for forecasting the quality of the effluents released for irrigation. However, calculation of PFE is a difficult process requiring complex computer algorithms. A simplified analytical approach is developed to calculate the PFE for n days. The formulation is discussed, describing the relationships between the hydraulic variables, and then applied to a non-steady-state continuous-flow wastewater reservoir in Eastern Sicily (Italy).
Keywords : hydraulic age distribution; perfectly-mixed reactor; mean residence time; wastewater storage reservoirs.