On-line version ISSN 1816-7950
Print version ISSN 0378-4738
LUKHELE, LP; KRAUSE, RWM; MAMBA, BB and MOMBA, MNB. Synthesis of silver impregnated carbon nanotubes and cyclodextrin polyurethanes for the disinfection of water. Water SA [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.4. ISSN 1816-7950.
Silver impregnated carbon nanotubes and cyclodextrin polymers were synthesised by first functionalising carbon nanotubes in a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acid before impregnating them with silver nanoparticles. The silver impregnated functionalised carbon nanotubes were then polymerised with β cyclodextrin using hexamethylene diisocyanate as the linker. The polymers were characterised using various techniques. The polymers were then tested for their ability to destroy bacteria in water and were found to reduce bacterial cell counts in water spiked with E. coli (ATCC 25925) to as low as zero cfu/mℓ. Furthermore, the polymers could absorb 58% of para-nitrophenol from water spiked with this organic compound, which is a known pollutant in water.
Keywords : safe drinking water; bacteria; carbon nanotubes; cyclodextrins; nanoparticles.