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Journal of Contemporary Management

versão On-line ISSN 1815-7440


DHANPAT, Nelesh. A systematic review of job crafting in the South African context. JCMAN [online]. 2022, vol.19, n.1, pp.1-18. ISSN 1815-7440.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Much attention is given to the design of employee work. Recent research has focused on the self-initiated design of work through job crafting. An exploratory systematic review was conducted to provide an overview of job crafting research conducted within the South African context. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A systematic review was employed, and inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed. For the data search, keywords/phrases included "job crafting" and "job crafting + South Africa" for a period spanning 2010 to 2020. Three South African journals and two international databases in the organisational sciences were selected. FINDINGS: A total of 81 studies were identified; 70 were excluded, and four were duplicate studies. Seven thus met the inclusion criteria. The findings were analysed through thematic narrative analysis. It evident that the Tims et al. (2012) approach was widely used, and most studies followed a cross-sectional design. Although such studies are helpful, it warrants the use of diary design studies and panel studies within a South African context. This is aligned to prominent research internationally RECOMMENDATIONS/VALUE: Overall research on job crafting has a limited cross-sectional scope within the South African context. It is recommended that researchers within this space, more specifically within work and organisational psychology, embark on longitudinal, panel design, and diary design studies. MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The dynamic nature of organisations and how employees perform their work has warranted organisational scholars to research proactive behaviours in the workplace. The study provides valuable insights for research and practice JEL CLASSIFICATION: M12

Palavras-chave : Job crafting; JD-R model; proactive behaviour; systematic review.

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