PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
On-line version ISSN 1727-3781
VAN HEERDEN, C and COETZEE, H. Perspectives on the termination of debt review in terms of section 86(10) of the National credit Act 34 of 2005. PER [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.2, pp.36-65. ISSN 1727-3781. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/pelj.v14i2.2.
The National Credit Act 34 of 2005 (the NCA) aims to address and prevent the overindebtedness of consumers and to provide mechanisms for resolving over-indebtedness based on the principle of satisfaction by the consumer of all his obligations. In this regard it provides inter alia for the mechanism of debt review, during which a debt counsellor reviews the debt situation of a consumer in order to determine if the consumer is over-indebted and to attempt to assist the consumer in obtaining debt relief in the form of a consensual debt re-arrangement agreement or court-ordered debt re-structuring. A pending debt review has serious consequences. It bars a consumer from entering into further credit agreements and creates a moratorium on debt enforcement by the credit provider. However, a debt review in terms of section 86 does not end or lapse automatically if a specific event fails to occur or upon the expiry of a specific time period. Before a credit provider can enforce a credit agreement that is the subject of a pending debt review, the debt review must be terminated in accordance with section 86(10) and certain other requirements must be met. If a debt review is incorrectly terminated in accordance with section 86(10), the enforcement proceedings instituted thereafter will be unlawful and premature. In practice the debt review process - and specifically the termination thereof - are problematic as there appears to be uncertainty, as a result of the sparse provisions of section 86(10), regarding exactly when a debt review can be terminated. Uncertainty exists regarding the scope of a debt review and whether it should be afforded a narrow or broad interpretation, which will inevitably affect the cut-off date for termination. This article attempts to address some of these issues.
Keywords : Termination; debt review; debt re-structuring; debt counselling; debt enforcement; National Credit Act.