SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.20 issue1The strategising roles of public sector middle managersEmployment growth constraints of informal enterprises in Diepsloot, Johannesburg author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Acta Commercii

On-line version ISSN 1684-1999
Print version ISSN 2413-1903


VAN WYK, Anthonie M.(Anton) et al. Investigating the subjective well-being of the informally employed: A case study of day labourers in Windhoek and Pretoria. Acta Commer. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.1, pp.1-10. ISSN 1684-1999.

ORIENTATION: Day labouring is becoming more frequent in developing countries. Long spells of unemployment and the uncertainty of informal wage employment impact negatively on the subjective well-being (SWB) of day labourers. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of the article was to investigate the level and possible determinants of the SWB of day labourers in Pretoria and Windhoek. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Up to now, only one study has been carried out in South Africa on the SWB of day labourers and none in Namibia. This study aimed to start filling this gap in the literature. The choice of the two cities was based on their status as the capital cities of two countries that are both experiencing increasing numbers of day labourers. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A mixed-method research design and purposeful sampling were used to obtain representative samples. Data were sourced from comparable surveys amongst day labourers in the two cities between 2015 and 2017. Questionnaires with quantitative and qualitative sections were completed during structured interviews with 290 and 80 day labourers in Pretoria and Windhoek respectively. The ordinary least squares model and ordered-probit analysis were employed to analyse the data. MAIN FINDINGS: In Pretoria, the number of dependents, the living conditions and whether they had a full-time job before were all significant in explaining the SWB of the day labourers. In Windhoek, education levels, total days without food, staying with their families and being a foreigner were also significant. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The needs of the informally employed must be addressed in the integrated development plans of municipalities and integrated with day labour worker centres. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: This is the first study to analyse SWB amongst day labourers in Namibia and lays the foundation for future expanded studies.

Keywords : informal economy; day labourers; subjective well-being; informal employment; temporary employment; well-being.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License