SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.18 número1Body mass index and Blount's disease: a single academic hospital experienceBurden and profile of spinal pathology at a major tertiary hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados



Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google


SA Orthopaedic Journal

versión On-line ISSN 2309-8309
versión impresa ISSN 1681-150X


SIYO, Z  y  MARAIS, LC. Reactivation of chronic haematogenous osteomyelitis in HIV-infected patients. SA orthop. j. [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.1, pp.21-25. ISSN 2309-8309.

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of HIV infection among adult patients with reactivation of haematogenous chronic osteomyelitis METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from 143 adult patients with chronic osteomyelitis RESULTS: A total of 143 patients were included in the study group, with a mean age of 38 years (range 14-78 years). Twenty-two per cent (n=31) of patients were diagnosed with reactivation of chronic haematogenous osteomyelitis, while 78% of patients had contiguous chronic osteomyelitis (29% [n=42] post-operative and 49% [n=70] post-traumatic, respectively). Forty (28%) patients were found to be HIV positive with a mean CD4 count of 414 cells/mm3 (range 13-1 034 cells/mm3). Twenty-four (60%) of patients with HIV were on antiretroviral therapy at time of diagnosis. The prevalence of HIV infection among patients with contiguous (post-operative or post-traumatic) infections was 32%, in comparison to 13% in the group with reactivation of chronic haematogenous infections (p=0.04; OR 3.2; 95% CI 1.0-9.8 CONCLUSION: The prevalence of HIV infection among patients with reactivation of chronic haematogenous osteomyelitis appeared to be lower than that seen in patients with chronic osteomyelitis from other causes and lower than that seen in the general population in South Africa Level of evidence: Level 4

Palabras clave : haematogenous; osteomyelitis; HIV; AIDS.

        · texto en Inglés     · Inglés ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons