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SA Orthopaedic Journal

On-line version ISSN 2309-8309
Print version ISSN 1681-150X


RANGOAKO, ST; RAUBENHEIMER, EJ  and  MAFEELANE, K. Synovial chondromatosis: A review of the literature and report of two cases. SA orthop. j. [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.1, pp.48-51. ISSN 2309-8309.

Synovial chondromatosis is a rare benign condition which develops in the synovial tissue of a joint, bursa or tenosynovial sheath. It is characterised by formation of cartilaginous nodules which may enlarge and grow into larger masses. Although radiological imaging contributes to a differential diagnosis, a final diagnosis can only be established with histological examination. Meticulous examination of the lesions is essential in ruling out sarcomatous change. We present a review of the literature and report two cases of synovial chondromatosis of the knee joints diagnosed over a ten-year period in the orthopaedic unit of a tertiary hospital serving mainly an urban- and peri-urban population sample.

Keywords : synovium; chondromatosis; knee joint.

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