SA Orthopaedic Journal
On-line version ISSN 2309-8309
Print version ISSN 1681-150X
RYAN, Paul. Upper cervical deformities secondary to hydrocephalus - a case report. SA orthop. j. [online]. 2013, vol.12, n.2, pp.60-63. ISSN 2309-8309.
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus may complicate upper cervical pathology but is seldom the cause of cervical spine pathology. METHODS: This case report describes a child with hydrocephalus secondary to an intraventricular haemorrhage, who required atlantoaxial fusion for recurrent C1/C2 rotatory subluxation, and who has subsequently developed progressive subaxial deformity. CONCLUSION: This case highlights some of the important fundamentals of the paediatric cervical spine, its biomechanics, susceptibility to injury, and the progressive nature of deformities where the inciting aetiology cannot be addressed.
Keywords : subaxial subluxation; atlantoaxial; hydrocephalus; cervical.