SA Orthopaedic Journal
On-line version ISSN 2309-8309
Sonography is an effective tool in the evaluation and management of shoulder problems. The utility of shoulder sonography extends across the entire spectrum of shoulder pathology; although most soft tissue structures can be visualised using appropriate techniques, consistent and reliable recognition of pathology requires a reasonable level of skill and experience. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers an operator-independent and reliable alternative to sonography; however, sonography provides a low-cost office-based imaging method, and both static and dynamic techniques can be performed and interpreted instantly. A concise description of the diagnostic and therapeutic applications of shoulder ultrasonography, as performed by the authors, is presented here.