SA Orthopaedic Journal
On-line version ISSN 2309-8309
A 'frozen shoulder' has often frustrated both orthopaedic surgeons and patients. A review of the literature has shown clear clinical and pathological stages of the disorder. No clear cause has yet been found for the idiopathic type of frozen shoulder. Management options and recent clinical results are discussed. It is clear, however, that research in the treatment of this condition is difficult and can result in misleading outcomes.