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Fundamina

On-line version ISSN 2411-7870
Print version ISSN 1021-545X

Abstract

PRETORIUS, DM. Private schools in South African legal history. Fundamina (Pretoria) [online]. 2019, vol.25, n.2, pp.94-134. ISSN 2411-7870.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2411-7870/2019/v25n2a5.

Following the British model, the education laws of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope (later the Cape Province) and the Transvaal historically recognised a basic distinction between public schools and private schools. The churches played a leading role in the development of private schools, which made a significant contribution to education in South Africa, especially for black children. Private schools enjoyed a high degree of independence in the colonial and pre-apartheid period. However, these schools were brought to heel during the apartheid era, with admissions policies, curricula and language medium of instruction being brought under state control, thus impairing their independence and enforcing racial segregation.

Keywords : Education law; education history; Cape Colony; Cape Province; Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek; Transvaal; private schools; church schools; mission schools; racial segregation.

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