versão On-line ISSN 2411-7870
VAN NIFTERIK, Gustaaf. Fundamina (Pretoria) [online]. 2014, vol.20, n.2, pp. 973-981. ISSN 2411-7870.
Closely following the text of Hugo Grotius' De antiquitate, Simon van Groenewegen argues in his Tractatus de legibus abrogatis that D. 1,3,31 (lex princeps legibus solutus) had been abrogated in Holland in the seventeenth century. More than that, D. 1,3,31 had never been in force and the counts of Holland had never been exempted from its laws. When King Philip II ignored those laws, the States General declared that he had ipso jure forfeited his right to govern and expelled him.