versão On-line ISSN 2411-7870
STOLTE, Bernard H.. Theophilus and the "incorporeal" heir. Fundamina (Pretoria) [online]. 2014, vol.20, n.2, pp. 891-897. ISSN 2411-7870.
In his paraphrase of Inst. 2,16 pr. Theophilus explains pupillaris substitutio and the phenomenon of the heres who is heir in name only. He describes the latter as τό άσώµατον όνοµα της κληρονοµίας, an expression that seems to be unique to him and does not draw on comparable Latin terminology.