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Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

versión On-line ISSN 2413-3051
versión impresa ISSN 1021-447X

Resumen

MASSUQUE, Jonas; MATAVEL, Custodio  y  TRUGILHO, Paulo Fernando. Outlook for the biomass energy sector in Mozambique: Policies and their challenges. J. energy South. Afr. [online]. 2021, vol.32, n.4, pp.1-10. ISSN 2413-3051.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2413-3051/2021/v32i4a11936.

To overcome the negative impacts of unsustainable exploitation of forest resources, the Mozambican government has been trying to regulate the supply and demand of biomass, the main source of energy for the majo rity of the population. This paper reviews policies implemented in Mozambique aimed at increasing domestic energy production while promoting a sustainable use of biomass. Despite the efforts to reduce the level of biomass energy use, it remains the most attractive to local populations and, therefore, still has great importance in the national energy mix. Thus, rather than looking at woodfuels as an environmental problem, regulations should also recognise the dependence of local communities on these resources. Firewood remains the main energy source in rural areas, and approximately 0.36% of the forest in Mozambique is lost every year. The replacement of firewood and charcoal by other renewable sources of energy is still far from reality. Charcoal production continues to be carried out in traditional low-yield ovens and the levels of forest degradation are still alarming. As such, improvements to the existing regulation framework are still needed. HIGHLIGHTS: • Woody biomass remains the most attractive energy source in Mozambique. • The government implemented policies to address unsustainable use of biomass. • The policies did not lead to a sustainable use of biomass. • Policy design should consider both technical and socio-cultural aspects.

Palabras clave : energy policy; renewable energy; unsustainable exploitation; woodfuel.

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