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Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

On-line version ISSN 2413-3051
Print version ISSN 1021-447X

Abstract

NYEINGA, Karidewa; NYDAL, Ole J.; OKELLO, Denis  and  BANDA, Eldad J.K.B.. Dynamic model of a small scale concentrating solar cooker with rock bed heat storage. J. energy South. Afr. [online]. 2016, vol.27, n.1, pp.20-27. ISSN 2413-3051.

This study presents a dynamic model for a concentrating solar energy collector with an integrated rock bed heat storage system. The model is based on numerical integration of a set of conservation equations for mass, momentum and energy of the heat carrier, the rock pebbles and the walls. The heat carrier is compressible air. Numerical solutions are implemented based on implicit time integration without iterations. Stability problems at large time steps do not occur but the accuracy is reduced. The model predicts pressure, velocity, density and temperatures of the fluid, rock bed and wall in time and along the bed. The model is validated with experimental results in a laboratory setting on temperature profiles during charging and discharging of rock bed heat storage. The intention is that the model shall serve as a computational tool for upscaling of air based concentrating solar energy systems with rock bed heat storage units.

Keywords : rock bed; heat storage; solar cooker; energy equation; mass balance; momentum equation; pressure equation; staggered grid.

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