SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.23 issue1Measuring the indirect costs associated with the establishment of a wind farm: An application of the contingent valuation methodBagasse-based co-generation at Hippo Valley Estates sugar factory in Zimbabwe author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

On-line version ISSN 2413-3051
Print version ISSN 1021-447X


FOWOWE, Babajide. Energy consumption and real GDP: Panel co-integration and causality tests for sub-Saharan African countries. J. energy South. Afr. [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.1, pp.8-14. ISSN 2413-3051.

This paper investigates the causal relationship between energy consumption and real GDP in 14 Sub-Saharan African countries over the period 1971-2004. The results of panel co-integration tests showed that energy consumption and real GDP do not have a stable long-run equilibrium relationship. We find that for all members of the panel, there is homogenous causality from energy consumption to real GDP and vice versa. This bi-directional causality supports the feedback hypothesis.

Keywords : energy consumption; Sub-Sahara Africa; panel co-integration; real GDP.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License