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Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering

On-line version ISSN 2309-8775
Print version ISSN 1021-2019


GEORGE, T B; ANOCHIE-BOATENG, J K  and  JENKINS, K J. Laboratory performance and modelling behaviour of hot-mix asphalt with recycled crushed glass. J. S. Afr. Inst. Civ. Eng. [online]. 2020, vol.62, n.3, pp.10-22. ISSN 2309-8775.

In South Africa research is currently under way to determine the suitability of using locally available recycled crushed glass as a partial fine aggregate substitute in the production of asphalt mixes. This paper characterises the laboratory performance of a dense-graded asphalt wearing course mix consisting of 15% recycled crushed glass. The influence of selected antistripping additives on moisture susceptibility was specifically assessed as a variable in the performance evaluation of the glass-asphalt mix as follows: (a) the effect of 1% hydrated lime, (b) the effect of 0.5% liquid antistripping additive, and (c) the effect without the addition of antistripping additive. The effect of these variables on the moisture susceptibility of the glass-asphalt mix was evaluated using the tensile strength ratio parameter supported with a microscopic imaging analysis. Additionally, the stiffness and permanent deformation properties of the glass-asphalt mix that demonstrated optimum resistance to moisture damage was compared to the same mix without crushed glass. The performance properties were evaluated using the Huet-Sayegh model and a polynomial model respectively, which were used particularly to develop performance characterisation models for the glass-asphalt mix. The findings of this study revealed that an anti-stripping additive is essential to meet moisture susceptibility criteria and alleviate moisture damage in dense-graded glass-asphalt mixes. In particular, moisture susceptibility was improved using hydrated lime rather than the liquid antistripping additive. Furthermore, the selected constitutive models were able to effectively characterise the laboratory performance of both mixes, with the glass-asphalt mix demonstrating improved resistance to permanent deformation when compared with the conventional asphalt mix.

Keywords : glass-asphalt; moisture susceptibility; dynamic modulus; permanent deformation; constitutive modelling.

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