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Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering

On-line version ISSN 2309-8775
Print version ISSN 1021-2019

Abstract

POTGIETER, J C; HEROLD, C; VAN DIJK, M  and  BHAGWAN, J N. Economic benefit of ensuring uninterrupted water supply during prolonged electricity disruptions – City of Tshwane case study. J. S. Afr. Inst. Civ. Eng. [online]. 2019, vol.61, n.4, pp.19-28. ISSN 2309-8775.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2309-8775/2019/v61n4a2.

Mitigating the impact of electricity disruptions on water supply was investigated as a case study on the City of Tshwane. This study found that current institutional arrangements between electricity suppliers (Eskom), water service providers and water service authorities are insufficient. Therefore, a Risk Analysis and Mitigation Framework of Integrated Water and Electricity Systems, or RAMFIWES, was developed. Risks associated with water supply interruptions due to electricity disruption events were analysed. Risk categories that were addressed are short-term disruptions of less than one day, medium-term disruptions of up to a week and long-term electricity disruptions up to a month or even longer. The direct economic benefits of ensuring uninterrupted water supply in the event of electricity disruption events were analysed through cost versus benefit analyses. It was found that the direct benefit/cost ratio of supplying water during electricity disruption events is 5.6 for wet-industries and an exceptional 117 for other economic sectors in Tshwane. The overall benefit/cost ratio is 15.5. This benefit is possible at a low increase in the normal municipal bills of only 0.5%.

Keywords : electricity disruptions; water supply; risk analysis; load shedding.

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