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Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering

On-line version ISSN 2309-8775
Print version ISSN 1021-2019


VENTER, S H; SKORPEN, S A  and  VAN RENSBURG, B W J. A refined approach to lateral-torsional buckling of overhang beams. J. S. Afr. Inst. Civ. Eng. [online]. 2019, vol.61, n.4, pp.2-18. ISSN 2309-8775.

The current South African Steel design code, SANS 10162-1, has a set of effective length factors for overhang beams which is independent of the geometrical properties of the beam and the lengths of the backspan and cantilever. This simple approach is consistent with several other international steel design codes and design guidelines. These effective length factors make no allowance for the stiffness of the adjacent span, but in reality warping at the supports allows interaction buckling between the cantilever and beam segments. In the research presented in this paper the backspan-to-overhang-segment ratio was investigated with the view of refining the calculations for determining the critical buckling moment of overhang beams. The scope was limited to beams with lateral and torsional restraints at the supports, and to shear centre and top flange loading applied at the free overhang end. Physical experiments and finite solid element analyses were used to determine the relationship between the critical moments and the beam buckling parameters. A simplified design calculation procedure was formulated, which includes a buckling parameter to include warping at the supports and allows interaction buckling between the beam segments. The buckling parameter is dependent on the size of the beam, the length of the overhanging segment and the ratio of backspan-to-overhang length.

Keywords : overhang beams; Interaction buckling; steel; buckling parameter; lateral-torsional buckling.

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