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Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering

On-line version ISSN 2309-8775
Print version ISSN 1021-2019


HORAK, E; MAINA, J; MYBURGH, P  and  SEBAALY, H. Monitoring permeability potential of hot mix asphalt via binary aggregate packing principles correlated with Bailey ratios and porosity principles. J. S. Afr. Inst. Civ. Eng. [online]. 2019, vol.61, n.3, pp.32-44. ISSN 2309-8775.

Asphalt mix designs tend to optimise the load transfer via aggregate skeletons as main mechanism to provide rut resistance, often to the detriment of durability. Permeability, as a significant durability indicator, is more difficult to measure in the field than in the laboratory. Voids in the asphalt mix have a critical zone where an increase in voids is exponentially linked to permeability. This zone is where voids start to become increasingly interconnected. The aggregate grading envelope characteristics can provide an indication of the interconnectedness of the voids to enhance quality control. New rational Bailey Method Ratios (BMRs) were defined with contiguous aggregate fractions in the numerator and denominator. This allows also for porosity calculation using the Dominant Aggregate Size Range (DASR) method. The Binary Aggregate Packing (BAP) triangle porosity diagrams provide insight into the link between porosity and interconnected voids. The wall and the loosening effects create additional porosity (voids) with increased probability of interconnectedness. Clear threshold zones of interconnected voids can be determined with BAP coarse/fine mass ratios. The latter is the inverse of the rational BMRs. It allows for simple spreadsheet calculations of porosity and coarse/fine mass ratio as a screening tool for probable permeability via benchmark analysis. Reworked data sets demonstrated how the inverse of BMRs could show potential for interconnectedness of voids and, therefore, permeability propensity.

Keywords : Bailey Method Ratios (BMRs); permeability; porosity; interconnected voids; Binary Aggregate Packing (BAP); wall effect; loosening effect; Dominant Aggregate Size Ratio (DASR).

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