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Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering

On-line version ISSN 2309-8775
Print version ISSN 1021-2019


BRADLEY, R A; GOHNERT, M; GOLIGER, A M  and  MISTRY, Y. Wind loading on catenary vault structures. J. S. Afr. Inst. Civ. Eng. [online]. 2016, vol.58, n.4, pp.29-47. ISSN 2309-8775.

Catenary vault structures are increasingly being utilised as an efficient alternative to the traditional circular vault. However, little is known regarding wind loading effects, in particular the pressure distribution, over these forms. Consequently, applicability of the data given for circular vaults used for the design of catenary vaults is also uncertain. In this paper the results of a wind-tunnel investigation and their implications on the design of catenary vaults are discussed. A series of tests were undertaken to assess the effects of variation in vault geometry and wind orientation on surface pressures measured over these structures. These parameters are evaluated to clarify their influence on the loading on catenary vaults. Only the results relating to mean and root-mean-square pressure coefficients are reported, in line with wind loading standardisation practice (if localised pressures are relevant, the designer is referred to expert advice or an adoption of the data from similar geometrical forms). The primary focus of the investigation is to examine the applicability of the design data given in SANS 10160-3:2011 (SANS 2011b) (referring to circular and duo-pitched roofs) to catenary structures. Subsequently, the merit of developing a set of exclusive design coefficients relating to catenary vaults is considered.

Keywords : catenary vau lts; wind pressure coefficients; wind loading; wind-tunnel testing.

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